Memory Improvement Techniques Part 2

In this video I discuss a few more memory concepts which can be applied to improve recall and enhance the effectiveness of your studying. Levels of processing theory suggests that deeper processing improves recall and this can be especially effective when combined with the self-referential effect, which is that we tend to recall things that we have a personal connection …

What is the Circadian Rhythm?

Our sleeping pattern follows a circadian rhythm, which is really just a way of saying a daily pattern of wakefulness and sleepiness (circadian derived from Latin: circa – “about” and diem– “day”). Our circadian rhythm is influenced by environmental factors, known as zeitgebers (German for “time-givers”) which help to set this internal clock.   One of the most most powerful zeitgebers …

States of Consciousness Resources

On this page you’ll find a number of resources for understanding states of consciousness, including consciousness and attention, the circadian rhythm and sleep cycles, drugs, hypnosis, and meditation. If I’ve missed a good resource, please share it in the comments section! General Resources States of Consciousness Key Terms States of Consciousness Pinterest Page OpenStax States of Consciousness Chapter States of …

Robert Stickgold on the Importance of Sleep

This is a fantastic interview with one of my favorite former professors, Robert Stickgold, who discusses the many important functions that sleep has. He touches on the unity of consciousness, immune function, memory processing, endocrine function and obesity, emotional regulation, and improvement on physical tasks. Most importantly he reminds us not to think of sleep as a waste of time. …

REM Behavior Disorder

In the following video, we can see an example of a patient with REM Behavior Disorder. Remember that REM Behavior Disorder differs from sleepwalking, which generally occurs during Slow Wave sleep (stage 3 and 4).